August 8 Members of the Wehrmacht begin swearing a personal oath of loyalty to Hitler instead of to the German constitution.
Two weeks later, on June 28, Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, were in Sarajevo to inspect the imperial armed forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina. When year-old Gavrilo Princip and his fellow members of the nationalist Young Bosnia movement learned of the archduke's planned visit, they took action: Supplied with weapons by a Serbian terrorist organization called the Black Hand, Princip and his cohorts traveled to Sarajevo in time for the archduke's visit.
The royal couple was touring the city in an open car, with surprisingly little security; one of the nationalists threw a bomb at their car, but it rolled off the back of the vehicle, wounding an army officer and some bystanders.
Later that day, the imperial car took a wrong turn near where Princip happened to be standing. Seeing his chance, Princip fired into the car, shooting Franz Ferdinand and Sophie at point-blank range. He then turned the gun on himself, but was tackled by a mob of bystanders who restrained him until the police arrived.
The archduke and his wife were rushed away to seek medical attention, but both died within the hour.
The Road to World War I In order to maintain its credibility as a force in the Balkan region let alone its status as a great powerAustria-Hungary needed to enforce its authority in the face of such an insolent crime.
However, with the threat of Russian intervention looming and its army unprepared for a large-scale war, it required Germany's help to back up its words with force. On July 23, the Austro-Hungarian ambassador to Serbia delivered an ultimatum: The Serbian government must take steps to wipe out terrorist organizations within its borders, suppress anti-Austrian propaganda and accept an independent investigation by the Austro-Hungarian government into Franz Ferdinand's assassination, or face military action.
After Serbia appealed to Russia for help, the czar's government began moving towards mobilization of its army, believing that Germany was using the crisis as an excuse to launch a preventive war in the Balkans.
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on July On August 1, after hearing news of Russia's general mobilization, Germany declared war on Russia.
The German army then launched its attack on Russia's ally, France, through Belgium, violating Belgian neutrality and bringing Great Britain into the war as well. More than 20 million soldiers died and 21 million more were wounded, while millions of other people fell victim to the influenza epidemic that the war helped to spread.
The war left in its wake three ruined imperial dynasties Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey and unleashed the revolutionary forces of Bolshevism in another Russia.
In the end, the uneasy peace brokered at Versailles in kept tensions in check for less than two decades before giving way to another devastating world war.A chronology of the events that led to the start of the First World War PHOTO: Charlie Riedel, AP This photo shows a reproduction of a London newspaper front page from , which writes about the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, on display at the National World War I .
Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Xuzhou begins, and ends in Japanese victory on May 1 as Chinese troops break out from the encircled city.
July 6–16 Évian Conference: The United States and the United Kingdom refuse to accept any more Jewish refugees.
A chronology of the events that led to the start of the First World War PHOTO: Charlie Riedel, AP This photo shows a reproduction of a London newspaper front page from , which writes about the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, on display at the National World War I Museum in Kansas City, Mo.
Timeline of Events leading up to WW2 - The Phoney War (September to April ) was an eight-month period at the start of World War II in which there was a lack of major military operations and nothing seemed to happen.
The United States strong presence in War War 1 helped the Allies to win the war. The war ended on November 1, More than 50, American soldiers lost their lives as a result of World War 1.
The Civil War was the culmination of a series of confrontations concerning the institution of slavery. | The Missouri Compromise This map shows the line .