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Technical writer Technical writing is performed by a technical writer or technical author and is the process of writing and sharing information in a professional setting. They do not only convey information through text, and must be proficient with computers as well. They use a wide range of programs to create and edit illustrationsdiagramming programs to create visual aids, and document processors to design, create, and format documents.
Writing thus became the fastest and most effective way to disseminate information, and writers who could document these devices were desired. The events of World War I and World War II led to advances in medicine, military hardware, computer technology, and aerospace technologies.
Technical writing was in high demand during this time, and became an official job title during World War II. Notably, inJoseph D. Chapline authored the first computational technical document, an instruction manual for the BINAC computer.
Technical writing requires a writer to extensively examine their audience. Technical writers do not have to be subject-matter experts SMEs themselves and generally collaborate with SMEs to complete tasks that require more knowledge about a subject than they possess.
A technical writer, after analyzing their audience, knows what they are trying to communicate. The goal from there is to convey the message in an accurate and ethical manner. Physical, environmental, or financial repercussions could result if a writer does this incorrectly.
Knowing the audience is important to accuracy because the language will be tailored according to what they understand about the subject at hand. For example, instructions on how to correctly and safely build a bookshelf are included when purchased. Those instructions are constructed so that anyone could follow along, including accurate details as to where each fastener goes.
If those instructions were inaccurate, the bookshelf could be unstable and fail. Technical document design stresses proper usage of document design choices like bullet points, font-size, and bold text. Almost anyone who works in a professional setting produces technical documents of some variety.
Some examples of technical writing include: Instructions and procedures are documents that help either developers or end users operate or configure a device or program.
Most projects begin with a proposal—a document that describes the purpose of a project, the tasks that will be performed in the project, the methods used to complete the project, and finally the cost of the project. For example, a technical writer may author a proposal that outlines how much it will cost to install a new computer system, a marketing professional may write a proposal with the product offerings and a teacher may write a proposal that outlines how a new biology class will be structured.
Emailsletters, and memoranda are some of the most frequently written documents in a business. While letters are us written to people outside of a company, memoranda memos are documents written to other employees within the business.
Descriptions are shorter explanations of procedures and processes that help readers understand how something works. Technical reports are written to provide readers with information, instructions, and analysis on tasks.
For example, a technical writer might evaluate a building that is for sale and produce a trip report that highlights his or her findings and whether or not he or she believes the building should be purchased. Case study is a published report about a person, group, or situation that has been studied over time; also: White papers are documents that are written for experts in a field and typically describe a solution to a technological or business challenge or problem.
The advent of hypertext has changed the way documents are read, organized, and accessed. Technical writers of today are often responsible for authoring pages on websites like "About Us" pages or product pages and are expected to be proficient in web development tools.
API guides are written for the developer community and are used to explain the application programming interfaces. Tools[ edit ] The following tools are used by technical writers to author and present documents: Desktop publishing tools or word processors.
Word processors such as Scrivener, Microsoft WordApple Pagesand LibreOffice Writer are used by technical writers to author, edit, design, and print documents.
When writing instructional procedures to describe mechanical, electrical or software programs; technical writers will use these tools to assist them in simplifying assembly, operation or installation processes. Often, images and other visual elements can portray information better than paragraphs of texts.
Because technical writing often involves communication between multiple individuals who work for different companies, it can be a collaborative affair.
In order to portray statistical information like the number of visits to a restaurant or the amount of money a university spends on its sporting programs, technical writers will use graphs and flowcharts. In these instances, powerful graphing and diagramming tools like Microsoft Visio are used to effectively organize and design graphs and diagrams.May 08, · Edit Article How to Write a Technical Specification.
Three Parts: Assessing General Considerations Creating the Specification Completing the Specification Community Q&A A technical specification is a document that defines a set of requirements that a 90%(21).
During the 20th century, the need for technical writing skyrocketed, and the profession finally became officially recognized. The events of World War I and World War II led to advances in medicine, military hardware, computer technology, and aerospace technologies. Technical writing is a style of formal writing used in various fields as diverse as computer hardware and software, chemistry, aerospace industry, robotics, finance, consumer electronics and biotechnology.
Technical writers often work with computer hardware engineers, computer support specialists, and software developers to manage the flow of information among project workgroups during development and testing.
Therefore, technical writers must be able to understand complex information and communicate the information to people with diverse Entry-level education: Bachelor's degree.
Technical writing is a style of formal writing used in various fields as diverse as computer hardware and software, chemistry, aerospace industry, robotics, finance, consumer electronics and biotechnology.
As a profession, technical writing engages strong communicators in a wide range of industries, from software, to ecommerce, to manufacturing, to life sciences, and many others. Technical writers work in teams or as "lone writers," and provide valuable knowledge assets to the organizations that employ them.