The background of the writer. In the strict sense of the term, the Fourth Gospel is anonymous.
He left no written records concerning himself, and any information about him must be gleaned from what other people have written. By the end of the first century of the Christian era or thereabouts, several biographies of Jesus had been written, four of which are now part of the New Testament.
Before any of these biographies were written, Christian communities — what was later known as churches — had been established, and letters instructing the members about the Christian way of life and telling them how to deal with local problems were sent to them.
Some of these letters were written by a man named Paul, who, although raised in the strict traditions of the Jewish religion, had converted to Christianity, and who spent the remainder of his life as a missionary, founding new churches and nurturing members in their newly acquired faith.
As the number of Christians increased and their influence was felt in various parts of the then-known world, opposition to the movement arose from different quarters. Jews deeply resented the fact that many of their own people were forsaking Judaism and becoming Christians, but the most severe opposition came from the Roman government, which tried in various ways to suppress, if not to annihilate, the whole Christian movement on the grounds that it constituted a danger and a threat to the security of New testament 3 essay empire.
When persecution of the Christians became extreme, messages were sent to them by church leaders. These messages, usually in the form of letters or public addresses, encouraged the sufferers and advised them concerning the ways in which they should respond to the demands that were being made upon them.
Some of these messages are now part of the New Testament. Other letters, several of which have been preserved, were written to counteract false doctrines that arose within the churches.
However, these writings were not intended by their respective authors to be regarded as sacred literature comparable to that of the prophets of the Old Testament.
Eventually, Christians did come to think of these writings in this way, but the transition from a collection of writings originally designed to meet certain local problems to the status of sacred Scriptures either replacing or else being added to the Old Testament required a comparatively long period of time.
The twenty-seven writings in the New Testament of today were selected from a larger list of writings, and not until the fourth century of our era was any general agreement reached among the Christian churches as to the exact number and selection of writings that should be included.
In view of these facts, an adequate understanding of the books in the New Testament cannot be had without some knowledge of the historical background from which they were written, but just how this knowledge can be obtained presents something of a problem.
Our chief source of information is the New Testament itself, but there are some references to Jesus and the Christian movement in Roman history and in Jewish literature pertaining to the period in which he lived.
However, these non-Christian sources are very meager, and we have good reasons for believing that they are somewhat biased. Christian sources are no doubt biased too, but in the case of both Christian and non-Christian sources, we know the direction in which each of them is biased, and we can make proper allowances.
Because only in the Christian sources do we have any detailed account of the life and teachings of Jesus and the general character of the early Christian movement, we need to center our attention on them.
The New Testament biographies of Jesus, usually referred to as the Gospels, contain the most extensive records of what Jesus did and of what he taught. But it is also in connection with these same biographies that readers of the New Testament encounter difficult problems.
How are these records to be evaluated? To what extent do they reveal what actually happened, and to what extent do they merely indicate what the author believed to have happened?
Answering these questions by asserting that these are all inspired writings and are therefore infallible in every respect will not do. Divine inspiration is always and necessarily a two-fold process involving both a giving and a receiving.
The giving may well be regarded as the divine part, but the receiving or the understanding of whatever it is that has been revealed is the human part, and that which is human is never infallible. Anyone who is at all sympathetic with the meaning and message of the New Testament will not be hesitant about regarding it as a divinely inspired book, but the intellectually honest person will also recognize that a human element is involved in the receiving and the interpreting of that revelation.
And the human element must be understood first, for it is the medium through which the divine element is communicated.
The human element present in the Gospels is necessarily conditioned by the circumstances under which the Gospels were written. Because these texts were not written until after the death of Jesus, they must be viewed from the perspective of the conditions that prevailed at the time of their writing.
In this connection, it is important to remember that the Christian community was in existence for a considerable period of time and that it came into existence because a group of people believed that the man Jesus who had been crucified was the long-awaited Messiah.
The Christian community was convinced that his life had met with divine approval and that his death was not the result of any wrongdoing on his part.
He died for a righteous cause and in so doing achieved victory over the forces of evil, for he did not yield to any temptations in order to save himself.
Reconstructing the original stories as they existed prior to later interpretations of them has been one of the main tasks of what is known as "form criticism. The letters written by the apostle Paul constitute nearly one third of the New Testament.
They were written long before any of the Gospels that we now have were in existence. Paul evidently knew something about the life of Jesus, although he never saw him in the flesh.
Paul reports very little concerning the teachings of Jesus, but his interpretation of the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus has had a profound influence on Christian history. The remaining portions of the New Testament, although concerned primarily with specific problems and situations, nevertheless reflect the generally accepted beliefs concerning Jesus that were current among Christians at that time.
Written accounts of what Jesus did during the course of his life were not considered necessary by the earliest Christians, who believed that Jesus would return to earth in the very near future and establish the messianic kingdom. Until that time, the memories of his disciples and friends would be sufficient to preserve his deeds and his teachings.
Not until after many of those who associated with him had died was the need for written records recognized. And not until some time after the New Testament texts were written were the manuscripts assembled in their present form and used along with the Old Testament Scriptures in the worship services of Christian churches.New Testament.
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The canon of the New Testament is the set of books Christians regard as divinely inspired and constituting the New Testament of the Christian timberdesignmag.com most, it is an agreed-upon list of twenty-seven books that includes the Canonical Gospels, Acts, letters of the Apostles, and timberdesignmag.com books of the canon of the New Testament were written before AD. Introduction Of The New Testament Essay words 12 pages. Show More Introduction of the New Testament Summary of introduction to the new testament Louis Berkof by systematically addressing the origin of the Gospel and the Epistles of the New Testament, their content, characteristics, authorship, composition, and canonical . Christianity and New Testament Essay. Submitted By imvnii_ Words: Pages: 2. Open Document. Christianity Christianity is based upon the life and teachings of Jesus Christ of Nazareth. Christians believe he is the son of God and both mortal and divine. The early people believed that their Jesus was born in a manger in Bethlehem.
NO PLAGERISM!!! 1. According to tradition, who wrote the Gospel of Mark? Why are modern scholars unable to verify that tradition? What themes in the Gospel suggest that it was composed after the Jewish Revolt against Rome had .
Bible, Christianity, New Testament, Jesus - An Introduction Of The Bible. My Account. An Introduction Of The Bible Essay. An Introduction Of The Bible Essay.
Length: words ( double Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper. Sep 14, · Suggested Essay Topics. Choose one New Testament parable that is found in more than one Gospel. Provide an analysis of the similarities and the differences between the versions.
Michele Murphy Introduction to New Testament I Dr. Lawson Reflection Essay #3 The Gospel of Matthew The Gospel of Matthew was written to prove that Jesus Christ is the promised Messiah from God, the King of all Earth and to make plain the Kingdom of God. A summary of The Gospel According to Matthew (Matthew) in 's Bible: The New Testament.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Bible: The New Testament and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. The New Testament survey question-assignments Students will write one essay on the theology of Paul. Specifically, students will evaluate the you to think more carefully about the New Testament and how to apply its themes to twenty-first century life.