Abstract Background Caesarean section rates in Brazil have been steadily increasing. Infor the first time, the number of children born by this type of procedure was greater than the number of vaginal births. Caesarean section is associated with a series of adverse effects on the women and newborn, and recent evidence suggests that the increasing rates of prematurity and low birth weight in Brazil are associated to the increasing rates of Caesarean section and labour induction.
Intensive Care in Medical Gruduation: In Brazil, Intensive Care is part of the curriculum of the graduation course of some medical schools, including this one. Aim To analyze the contribution of the study of Intensive Care to the medical course in medical graduation.
The National Curricular Directories and revision of global literature are used as a reference for the Medical Course. A semi-structured interview takes place for the sixth-year graduates of the medical course after their on-the-job training in the ICU and for the teachers of this university.
The itinerary of the interview was relative to the interest and usefulness of Intensive Care in medical graduation and the grasp of real life experiences with the critically ill patient.
Results The interest Intensive care medical gruduation study maranhao brazil the approach of Intensive Care in medical graduation exists and initially has the need to recognize, establish conducts and procedures for the critically ill patient, something that those interviewed deem necessary for all doctors.
The conviviality in the Intensive Care Unit arouses reflex actions in graduate students concerning technical and humane aspects in medicine.
The student that participates in the on-the-job training in the ICU reports diverse experiences of being a doctor, that deal with physio-pathology, therapeutics, ethics, a multi-faceted team, communication, self-limit and contact with death. Conclusions The on-the-job training in the ICU aids in the formation of the medical graduate student as described by the global literature, and in the same direction that is proposed by the National Curricular Directories.
This happened especially after the poliomyelitis epidemic in the middle of the last century, to care for the victims that needed assistance from a mechanical ventilator. This specialty is an area of multi-professional convergence directed towards the patients care with effective or potential commitment of the vital functions, originating from the flaws of one or more of the organic systems.
As a result, Intensive Care still seeks its academic independence in various countries. In Brazil, although Intensive Care is a specialty recognized by the Federal Council of Medicine, its inclusion in the graduate curriculum takes place in few Brazilian schools.
What directs the curriculum in the Brazilian medical schools? The medical course in Brazil is accomplished in six years.
After the conclusion of the course, the professional is capacitated to practice in all national territory as a doctor.
The Directories are references for the elaboration of the curriculums and should be observed in the curricular organization in all of the Institutions of the Higher Educational System of the Country. All of the medical schools have the liberty to make innovations in the pedagogical project and in the definition of their entire curriculums, following these general guidelines.
This professional must have a general, humane, critical and reflective formation. The graduate must be capable to practice, regulated in ethics, at different levels of attention, with promotional action, prevention, recuperation and rehabilitation in health in its integral of care and possess a sense of social responsibility and commitment with citizenry.
In this manner, the need to study Intensive Care came up in the present context of Brazilian medical education. What would be the contribution of this specialty in the professional medical formation in Brazil? It is used as an instrument for the collection of data, the semi-structured interview for the sixth year students for the UFMA medical course that already finished their on-the-job training in the ICU and for teachers related to medical on-the-job training.
The quality research pays special attention to a level of reality that cannot be measured. While the quantity approach works with the visible, morphological and concrete; the quality study works with the universe of meanings, motives, aspirations, beliefs, valor and attitudes, which occurs within a deeper area of relations and cannot be reduced to the operation of variables.
Inthe last year medical students began their hour curricular on-the-job training in the general ICU supervised by the local staff that does not have teachers. Eleven students were interviewed, six males and five females.
The interviews took place after the on-the-job training finished at the ICU and followed an itinerary that observes two-theme nucleus: All interviews were recorded on cassette tape and afterwards integrally transcribed.
The students were numerically identified. Eight male teachers and six female teachers were interviewed, also numerically identified. The questions about ICU experience were restricted to the group of teachers because they did not participate in the ICU on-the-job training together with the students.
The commentaries about the criterion of selection of the quality methodology are indispensable.support for child health care. Methods: This descriptive, analytical, and cross-sectional study adopted an epidemiological approach and comprised children under 1 year .
Intensive Care in Medical Gruduation: A Study in Maranhao, Brazil - Nursing Research Paper Abstract - There is data to suggest that Intensive Care remains in search of academic independence.
In Brazil, Intensive Care is part of the curriculum of the graduation course of . Methods: The case-control study was carried out between 01/03/ and 28/02/ in two public high-risk maternities facilities and in two intensive care units (ICUs) for referral of obstetric cases.
Aug 22, · Discussion. This study, for the first time, depicts a national panorama of labour and birth outcomes in Brazil. Regardless of the socioeconomic level, demand for Caesarean section appears to be based on the belief that the quality of obstetric care is closely .
Medical care was provided within 6 hours of symptom onset in only half of the interviewed cases. In % of cases, death occurred within the first 24 hours. Low family income was recorded in 90%.
Parish Nursing is a Fast Growing Trend - Nursing Studies Research Paper; Intensive Care in Medical Gruduation: A Study in Maranhao, Brazil - Nursing Research Paper.