Impatient with abstract reflections on the way things "ought" to be, Machiavelli focussed on the way things are, illustrating his own intensely practical convictions with frequent examples from the historical record.
The Kinds of Principalities and the Means by Which They Are Acquired Machiavelli describes the different kinds of states, arguing that all states are either republics or principalities.
Principalities can be divided into hereditary principalities and new principalities. New principalities are either completely new or new appendages to existing states.
By fortune or strength, a prince can acquire a new principality with his own army or with the arms of others. Summary — Chapter II: Hereditary Principalities Chapter II is the first of three chapters focusing on methods to govern and maintain principalities.
Machiavelli notes that it is easier to govern a hereditary state than a new principality for two main reasons. The natural prince only has to keep past institutions intact, while adapting these institutions to current events.
Second, the natural disposition of subjects in a hereditary state is to love the ruling family, unless the prince commits some horrible act against his people. Summary — Chapter III: Mixed Principalities [M]en must be either pampered or annihilated.
See Important Quotations Explained Machiavelli explains why maintaining a new principality is more difficult than maintaining a hereditary state. In the first place, people will willingly trade one recently arrived ruler for another, hoping that a new ruler will be better than the present one.
This expectation of improvement will induce people to take up arms against any relatively unestablished prince. Although the people may quickly realize that their revolt is ineffective, they will still create great disorder.
He cannot maintain the support of these people because he cannot fulfill all of their expectations that their situation will improve. But he also cannot deal too harshly with them because he is in their debt.
Immediately after taking power, the prince is in danger of losing his newly gained principality. When a prince successfully suppresses a revolt, however, the ruler can easily prevent further revolt by harshly punishing the rebels and decimating his opposition.
The ruler can deal more harshly with his subjects in response to the revolt than he would be able to normally. If this is the case, the prince has to do only two things: People will live quietly and peacefully so long as their old ways of life are undisturbed.The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli in different formats and languages Site containing The Prince, slightly modified for easier reading Works by Niccolò Machiavelli .
members added to the hereditary state of the prince who has acquired them, as was the kingdom of Naples to that of the King of Spain. Such states thus acquired are either accustomed to live under a prince, or to live in freedom. Machiavelli composed The Prince as a practical guide for ruling (though some scholars argue that the book was intended as a satire and essentially a guide on how not to rule).
This goal is evident from the very beginning, the dedication of the book to Lorenzo de’ Medici, the ruler of Florence. What did Niccolo Machiavelli view a good government as?
Update Cancel. ad by EverQuote. Where can I find the prince by Niccolo Machiavelli for free? Ask New Question. Still have a question? Ask your own! Ask. What are the views advanced by Niccolo Machiavelli on how the affairs of state and government should be managed?
In The Prince Niccolo Machiavelli presents a view of governing a state that is drastically different from that of humanists of his time. Machiavelli believes the ruling Prince should be the sole authority determining every aspect of the state and put in effect a policy which would serve his best interests.
Niccolò Machiavelli was born into this unstable time of shifting fortunes in the year He served in a number of minor government positions, and was banished or imprisoned at various points of his career.